When I picked up that SM3 at Goodwill, I was confident that it would be worth the $9.99 because: (a) That’s only 10 bucks! and (b) I’m interested to see the differences between the SM4, my first manual, and the earlier SM3, which I assumed was just the SM4 with the keyboard tab system. I could interchange parts, and use them as examples when things weren’t mutually broken on them. Upon opening up the SM3 for its inaugural cleaning and bushing replacement, I discovered that there were more differences than I assumed. I present to you my observed differences, I make no claims as to being an expert on Olympia features and manufacturing, the conclusions I reach here are largely intuited. I also don’t know the names of a lot of these typewriter dealy-bob things, so bear with that as well. Let’s start at what you see first, the typing area, the Schreibwerk in the Olympia’s native German.
Looking down at the writing workshop, we see that the SM3 and 4 have different designs. The SM4’s design is easier to thread the ribbon into, so I count that as an improvement.
Here are the keys of the SM3. You can see that the keys that don’t have spring levelers, the backspace and tab keys here, are thin instead of later SM3s and the SM4’s which are molded to the same size as the others.
The SM4 adds ruling to the paper rest so that you know how many lines you have left. Handy feature, that.
The SM3 has a smooth paper table/paper rest on the carriage, to aid inline corrections with a pen, I suppose. This consideration has vanished from the SM4, which has crinkle paint to match the rest of the case.
A few differences here on the carriage. You’ll note that the SM3 lacks the left side carriage release that the SM4 adds. The SM3’s carriage return lever is fastened on with a large slotted screw, the SM4 slims the profile and streamlines manufacturing by making this a straight pin.
Here are the manual tab sets on the back of the SM3. You push these in towards the inside, and you disengage the sets from a toothed track, and move them side to side. It takes a little logical deduction to set up the tab sets like this, but it’s not unreasonable.
The major difference with the SM4 is of course the automatic keyboard tab sets, and you can see how they kind of work here. Those metal things towards the center will raise and lower these teeth when you push the tab set or clear buttons. I thought these were pretty cool when I figured out how they worked, and when I got the auto tab set keys to work.
Let’s open up the ribbon cover and check out the guts a little. I’m not going to go into every difference, because there is a lot of variation just within the runs of the SM3 and the SM4, I would assume, and you probably don’t want to hear about every screw and linkage.
Both of these machines are 11pt. Olympia Elite, which as far as I can tell is pretty similar between both machines. The typeslugs are rounded on the SM3, they get squared off on the SM4 or perhaps later in the SM3 run, probably to reduce the complexity of their casting.
Here is the left corner of the inside, I want to focus here on one example of the mechanical simplifications that reduced manufacturing time from 1955 to 1960. You’ll see in the center the mechanism of the carriage lock. This is totally independent of the margin release key, whose bar runs below this just to the left in the image. The carriage lock rides against that black pin/tooth on the right, and there is a spring there to add tension.
Here is the SM4’s analogous area. You can see that this linkage is dramatically simplified, and both the springback of the margin release key and carriage lock ride are the same spring/wire thing under the center. The spring now has a wire loop that locks the carriage switch. The black metal pin that used to serve that purpose is gone. I know I can’t really describe this mechanism, I’m far from a technical writer. This wasn’t seated properly when I first got the typewriter, the spring wasn’t loaded, it was loose. I placed it on the point of the carriage lock mechanism, and it returned both to function. This change reduced the amount of parts needed to accomplish the exact same task, and you wouldn’t even notice if you didn’t stop to examine it.
Also, note that the spring holding the ribbon cover has moved from the front panel on the SM3 to the more solid main case on the SM4. The ribbon cover also attaches to the guts of the machine on the SM3, but is hinged on the case on the SM4.
Well, that’s about all I can do for now, there are countless other little differences in number of screws and fasteners, which were generally reduced in number over time. Here’s a comparison of type samples:
So these machines are a bit more different than meets the eye. You could probably swap the frames between the units, but then you’d run into trouble with the ribbon cover, and the carriages are definitely not interchangeable. I was briefly considering this because I like the green of the SM3 and the smoother action of my SM4. Alas, not very possible I’m afraid. Other things I forgot to document: the paper bail is hinged differently between the two, the SM4 has that little lever on the right side of the carriage to clear all the automatic tab sets, and the SM3 has its serial number etched onto its carriage, as well.